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Gynaecology & Obstetrics Articles

Frequently Asked Questions On Cervical Cancer

Only sexually active women need a pap smear test and they should start from the age of 25 onwards in Singapore (it is 21 years old in western countries). If a woman is sexually active for 3 years even if she is under 21 years...

The Best Pregnancy Care Diet

Introduction A well balance healthy diet is always recommended regardless of whether one is pregnant or not. However in pregnancy, a healthy diet becomes even more important than normal as pregnant mothers become the...

Forms of Contraception – Depo-Provera

Depo-provera (medroxyprogesterone) contains a type of hormone called a ‘progestogen’ that is injected into the muscle (usually in the buttock, leg or arm), which stops women from ovulating (producing eggs), thickens the mucus in...

Forms of Contraception – Implanon

Implanon is about the size of a thin matchstick. It contains a hormone called etonorgestrel. Most users have it inserted under the skin of their upper arm, not far above the elbow. The ‘match’...

Forms of Contraception – IUS (Mirena)- intrauterine system

The IUS is quite different from the IUCD although it may look similar, because it contains a hormone. In addition to being a contraceptive, it actually ‘treats’ periods – usually making them shorter, lighter...

Forms of Contraception – IUCD - intrauterine contraceptive device

Most IUDs are now T-shaped. They’re made of plastic and copper. All IUCDs little threads, which hang down a short distance into the vagina. These are useful for checking that the device is still...

Forms of Contraception – Oral Contraceptive Pill (OCP)

The Pill is a tablet containing two female-type hormones – an oestrogen and a progestogen. Various different oestrogens and progestogens are used in the many different types of Pill which are available. These two...

Forms of Contraception – Patch

It comes in the form of a self-adhesive patch which is stuck on a clean, dry, non-hairy area of skin (and not on breasts). Each patch lasts a week and needs to be changed...

Forms of Contraception – Vaginal Ring

The vaginal ring offers protection against pregnancy without the inconvenience of barrier methods, spermicides or remembering to take a daily pill. The ring is a once a month combined hormonal contraceptive method which consists...

Forms of Contraception – Sponge

The Today®Sponge was the first successful product to incorporate a spermicide into a barrier contraceptive and was reintroduced into the market in 2005 after its first introduction in 1983-1995. The Today® Sponge is a...

Forms of Contraception – Diaphragm

Diaphragm The diaphragm is put in the vagina before sex, positioned so that it keeps sperm from getting anywhere near the cervix. Diaphragms are ‘domes,’ made of thin, soft rubber. They form an excellent...

Forms of Contraception – Condom

I will be sharing different forms of contraception in this and next few posts. As you know that there is no 1 ideal contraception that suits all women. Women have many reasons for seeking...

Breast Cancer

What causes breast cancer? The risk factors include family history (inherited mutated genes), personal history, increasing age, obesity, alcohol consumption, radiation exposure, early menarche and late menopause, having your first child after 35 years...

Common Causes of Male Infertility

Infertility affects 15% of couples. Male infertility can be a contributing cause in 50% of these couples. This can lead to frustration and stress. The causes include: Varicocele is a swelling of the veins...

Signs & Symptoms of Endometriosis?

What are some of the signs of endometriosis? Regina/Pauline mentioned in her testimonial that she had persistent coughing and a sharp pain in her abdomen. How would females be able to tell endometriosis apart...

Spectra VRM III Laser Treatment

1st clinic in Singapore with this award winning 3rd generation non-ablative laser Delivers the benefits of much more aggressive procedures without the discomfort and downtime patients return to their normal lives immediately after treatment...

Benefits of Keyhole Surgery

Keyhole or laparoscopic surgery is revolutionishing surgical treatments. These techniques, first pioneered by gynaecologists, are increasingly getting more and more popular. Advancement in technology is benefiting more people as it has allowed increasingly difficult...

Prenatal Testing

Antenatal risk assessment tests help parents take an important step towards a healthy and happy pregnancy. Becoming a parent is a major commitment filled with many challenges, rewards and decisions. While most pregnancies are...

Dealing with Menstrual Cramps

Dysmenorrhoea is more commonly known as “menstrual cramps”. Most patients describe the condition as a dull, throbbing or cramping pain that arises from the lower abdomen. For most women, this occurs just before and...

Uterine Prolapse

Uterine (womb) prolapse happens when the uterus descends down into the vagina and can sometimes even protrude out of it. This is a result of weakened pelvic floor muscles and ligaments which usually support...

FAQ On Adenomyosis

Though Adenomyosis is considered a benign (not life-threatening) condition, the frequent pain and heavy bleeding associated with it can have a negative impact on a woman’s quality of life. Q: What is Adenomyosis? Adenomyosis...

Irregular Menses

The Menstrual Cycle varies from woman to woman. It is normally counted from the first day of one period to the first day of the next. This menstrual bleeding can occur once every 21...

Facts About Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome

Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS) is one of the most common female endocrine disorders. It is a condition that affects women of reproductive age. The affected women commonly have enlarged ovaries with multiple small cysts...

Tailor-made contraception

There is no one method that suits every woman. But the good news is that, unlike in the past, there are many methods to choose from, depending on your lifestyle and personal preferences. On...

Menopause

Menopause is a natural biological process that affect women of a certain age. It is defined as occurring 12 months after the last menstrual period and marks the end of the menstrual cycles. Natural...

What Is Endometriosis?

Endometriosis is a common medical condition characterized by the growth of endometrium (the tissue that normally lines the womb) beyond or outside the uterus. It most often appears in places within the pelvis, such...

What You Should Know About Ovarian Cysts

During a woman’s child-bearing years, the ovaries go through cyclical changes. The ovary is responsible for the production of hormones, which in turn triggers menstruation. One of the most common women’s concerns is ovarian cyst,...

What You Should Know About Uterine Fibroids

Thorough check-up should clear the air about growths in the uterus. Uterine fibroids are noncancerous growths of the uterus that often occur during a woman’s childbearing years. They are also called fibromyomas, leiomyomas or...

Protect Your Loved Ones Against Cervical Cancer

A woman dies of cervical cancer every two minutes worldwide. Learn how you can protect yourself and your loved ones. Cervical Cancer is the sixth most common cancer affecting women in Singapore. It occurs...

What Does Antenatal Care Mean?

Each pregnancy is a unique experience and so couples are encouraged to be actively involved in making decisions about their antenatal care. This includes information on services that are available and support to help...

Treatment Options for Male and Female Infertility

What Is Infertility and what are the treatments of Male & Female Infertility? Overview Infertility is the inability to conceive after at least 1 year of having regular intercourse without using any contraceptive methods....

Minimally Invasive Surgery (MIS)

What is Minimally Invasive Surgery (MIS)? Minimally Invasive Surgery (MIS) commonly known as ‘keyhole surgery’ (laparoscopy or hysteroscopy) involves using small incision surgical techniques that are intended to achieve clinical outcomes akin to those...

Urogynaecology: Urinary Incontinence & Uterine Prolapse

What Is Urogynaecology? Urogynaecology includes the diagnosis and treatment of urinary incontinence and female pelvic floor disorders (prolapses). Urinary incontinence and pelvic floor problems are surprisingly more common than what women perceive yet numerous...

Fertility Problems and Treatments

With Singapore’s economic success, more and more couples are putting their career first before starting their family. Many are marrying later and starting their family at an older age compared to their parents’ generation....

Early Signs of Infertility

Know the possible signs of infertility and seek help early INFERTILITY is defined as the inability to conceive after one year of having regular intercourse without using contraception. If a couple has not been...

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