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Contraception
 
  • With contraceptive methods, women can plan both the number and spacing of children they desire. Some contraceptive methods also help protect against sexually transmitted diseases (STDs), including acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS). Today there are many choices of birth control for women and each has its good points and potential side effects. Over time, a couple may find one method suits them better than others depending on their needs and preferences.
 

 

How effective is this method?

How many options are available?

How often do I need to use it?

How quickly can I get pregnant if I stop using it?

Do I need to see my Gynaecologist to start?

Do I need a prescription?

Does this protect against STDs & AIDS?

Hormonal Contraceptives


Evra Patch

99% effective

1 option

Apply 1 Patch once a week for 3 weeks.  During Week 4, no Patch is used

May take a few cycles before you can get pregnant

Yes, you need to learn to apply the Patch correctly

Yes

No


Oral contraceptive pills

99% effective

A variety in different doses

Should take your Pill daily at about the same time as prescribed

Fertility returns immediately when discontinued

Yes, you need to learn to take the Pills correctly

Yes

No


Contraceptive injections

99% effective

1 option

1 injection every 3 months

May take 6-12 months before you can get pregnant

Yes

Yes

No


Mirena IUS

98% effective

1 option

Length of use is 5 years or less

Fertility returns immediately when discontinued

Yes, your Gynaecologist needs to insert it

Yes

No

Implanon NXT

99% effective

1 option

Length of use is 3 years or less

Fertility usually returns quickly once discontinued

Yes, your Gynaecologist needs to insert it

Yes

No


NuvaRing

99% effective

1 option

Insert 1 NuvaRing once for 3 weeks. During Week 4, the NuvaRing is removed

Fertility returns immediately when discontinued

Yes, you need to learn how to insert the Nuvaring into the vagina correctly

Yes

No

Nonhormonal Contraceptives


Male condom

90% effective when used with spermicide

A variety of styles, sizes, colours, materials & textures

Every time you have intercourse

Immediate fertility

No

No

Yes


Intra-uterine contraceptive device (IUCD)

98% effective

1 option

Length of use is 3-5 years or less

Fertility returns immediately when discontinued

Yes, your Gynaecologist needs to insert it

Yes

No

Permanent Methods

Sterilisation

Greater than 99% effective

2 options – laparoscopic clips or transvaginal micro- inserts

Permanent & irreversible

You will no longer be able to get pregnant

Yes, your Gynaecologist will perform the procedure

Gynaecologist consult required

No

 
     
 


 
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