What Is a Hysterectomy?

A hysterectomy is a surgical procedure that is performed to remove the uterus, also known as the womb. This may be done to treat a variety of gynaecological conditions; and it also results in the permanent cessation of menstruation and the inability to conceive but if the ovaries are preserved then premature menopause is prevented.

When Is a Hysterectomy Needed?

A hysterectomy is a major procedure that is only recommended to a woman when other treatments have proven unsuccessful or are not suitable; and the patient’s quality of life has been significantly affected by the disease. These situations may include:

Types of Hysterectomies

There are three main types of hysterectomy surgeries: radical, total, and subtotal. These procedures differ in the extent of tissue removed and the conditions that they are usually used to treat.

A hysterectomy can be performed in a variety of ways: through a laparoscopic umbilical incision (minimally invasive), laparotomy (open surgery), vaginally (with no cuts on the abdomen) or robotic surgery. The technique used will depend on the complexity of the case, the patient’s preferences as well as the gynaecologist’s expertise.

What to Expect After a Hysterectomy

It is common to experience some pain and discomfort after a hysterectomy, which can usually be managed with analgesics. You may also experience vaginal bleeding and discharge for several weeks post-surgery. Hormonal changes might occur if your ovaries are removed, resulting in symptoms of menopause.

To ensure a smooth recovery, prioritise getting plenty of rest and strictly follow your gynaecologist’s instructions regarding activity limitations and aftercare.

Possible Risks & Complications of a Hysterectomy

As with all surgical procedures, a hysterectomy comes with certain risks and possible complications. However, these are unlikely to happen in the hands of an experienced gynaecologist and a well-trained medical team at the hospital. These include:

Rest assured that your gynaecologist and medical team will monitor your vital signs throughout the surgery and during your recovery process so as to minimise the chances of any complications arising.

FAQs on Hysterectomy