Gynaecology

Gynaecology

Contraception

With modern contraceptive methods, family planning is made easier. Couples today can plan both the number of children they desire and the number of years between them.

Some contraceptive methods also help protect against sexually transmitted diseases (STDs).

Today, there are more choices of birth control for women and men. Each has its pros and cons. Depending on their needs and preferences, a couple may find one method more suitable for them than others. At our gynaecology clinic, we have various contraceptive methods available.

How effective is this method? How many options are available? How often do I need to use it? How quickly can I get pregnant if I stop using it? Do I need to see my Gynaecologist to start? Do I need a prescription? Does this protect against STIs?
Hormonal Contraceptives
Evra Patch 99% effective 1 option Apply 1 patch once a week for 3 weeks. During week 4, no patch is used May take a few cycles before you can get pregnant Yes, you need to learn to apply the patch correctly Yes No
Oral contraceptive pills 99% effective A variety, in different doses Take pill daily at around the same time, as prescribed Fertility returns immediately when discontinued Yes, you need to learn to take the pills correctly Yes No
Contraceptive Injections 99% effective 1 option 1 injection every 3 months May take 6-12 months before you can get pregnant Yes Yes No
Mirena IUS 98% effective 1 option Length of use is 5 years or less Fertility returns immediately when discontinued Yes, your Gynaecologist needs to insert it Yes No
Implanon NXT 99% effective 1 option Length of use is 3 years or less Fertility usually returns quickly once discontinued Yes, your Gynaecologist needs to insert it Yes No
NuvaRing 99% effective 1 option Insert 1 NuvaRing once for 3 weeks. NuvaRing is removed on week 4 Fertility returns immediately when discontinued Yes, you need to learn how to insert the NuvaRing into the vagina correctly Yes No
Non-hormonal Contraceptives
Male condom 90% effective when used with spermicide A variety of styles, sizes, colours, materials & textures Every time you have intercourse Immediate fertility No No Yes
Intra-uterine contraceptive device (IUCD) 98% effective 1 option Length of use is 3-5 years or less Fertility returns immediately when discontinued Yes, your Gynaecologist needs to insert it Yes No
Permanent Methods
Sterilisation Greater than 99% effective 2 options – Laparoscopic Clips or Transvaginal Micro–inserts Permanent & irreversible You will no longer be able to get pregnant Yes, your Gynaecologist will perform the procedure Gynaecologist
consultation
required
No
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