Some contraceptive methods also help protect against sexually transmitted diseases (STDs).
Today, there are more choices of birth control for women and men. Each has its pros and cons. Depending on their needs and preferences, a couple may find one method more suitable for them than others. At our gynaecology clinic, we have various contraceptive methods available.
|How effective is this method?||How many options are available?||How often do I need to use it?||How quickly can I get pregnant if I stop using it?||Do I need to see my Gynaecologist to start?||Do I need a prescription?||Does this protect against STIs?|
|Evra Patch||99% effective||1 option||Apply 1 patch once a week for 3 weeks. During week 4, no patch is used||May take a few cycles before you can get pregnant||Yes, you need to learn to apply the patch correctly||Yes||No|
|Oral contraceptive pills||99% effective||A variety, in different doses||Take pill daily at around the same time, as prescribed||Fertility returns immediately when discontinued||Yes, you need to learn to take the pills correctly||Yes||No|
|Contraceptive Injections||99% effective||1 option||1 injection every 3 months||May take 6-12 months before you can get pregnant||Yes||Yes||No|
|Mirena IUS||98% effective||1 option||Length of use is 5 years or less||Fertility returns immediately when discontinued||Yes, your Gynaecologist needs to insert it||Yes||No|
|Implanon NXT||99% effective||1 option||Length of use is 3 years or less||Fertility usually returns quickly once discontinued||Yes, your Gynaecologist needs to insert it||Yes||No|
|NuvaRing||99% effective||1 option||Insert 1 NuvaRing once for 3 weeks. NuvaRing is removed on week 4||Fertility returns immediately when discontinued||Yes, you need to learn how to insert the NuvaRing into the vagina correctly||Yes||No|
|Male condom||90% effective when used with spermicide||A variety of styles, sizes, colours, materials & textures||Every time you have intercourse||Immediate fertility||No||No||Yes|
|Intra-uterine contraceptive device (IUCD)||98% effective||1 option||Length of use is 3-5 years or less||Fertility returns immediately when discontinued||Yes, your Gynaecologist needs to insert it||Yes||No|
|Sterilisation||Greater than 99% effective||2 options – Laparoscopic Clips or Transvaginal Micro–inserts||Permanent & irreversible||You will no longer be able to get pregnant||Yes, your Gynaecologist will perform the procedure||Gynaecologist